ice hockey regeln

Die Eishockeyregeln sind im offiziellen Regelbuch (engl. Rulebook) der Internationalen . Diese sind unterteilt in Spiel-Offizielle und Off-Ice-Offizielle. Eishockey ist die schnellste Teamsportart der Welt. Sie zählt zu den beliebtesten Sportarten in Deutschland, doch ihr Regelwerk ist längst nicht allen bekannt. Wie bei jedem Spiel muss man auch beim Eishockey einige Regeln befolgen. Das ist auch ganz gut so, denn Eishockey ist mit einer der brutalsten Sportarten, . Der Hauptschiedsrichter übernimmt die Gesamtleitung des Spiels und hat bei Meinungsverschiedenheiten zwischen den Schiedsrichtern stets das letzte Wort. Juli in dieser Version in die Liste der lesenswerten Artikel aufgenommen. Da die nordamerikanische National Hockey League für die Weltmeisterschaften der Herren ihre Saison normalerweise nicht unterbricht und auch für die Olympischen Spiele bislang nur,und eine Pause eingelegt hat, ist das Ansehen dieser Turniere in Kanada und den USA RAs Legend Slot - Play for Free Online with No Downloads gering. Ein Betrieb solcher Kunsteisbahnen ist meistens sehr teuer. Beide Mannschaften spielen in voller Stärke und beide Mannschaften erhalten genau je eine kleine Strafe — in diesem Fall wird mit vier gegen vier Feldspielern weitergespielt. Spätestens seit free casino chip irren Penalty-Krimi der deutschen Mannschaft gegen Lettland sollte klar sein, wie ein Strafschuss im Eishockey abläuft. Ganz leicht verständliche Einführung. Die Eishockeyregeln sind im offiziellen Beste Spielothek in Nordermoor finden engl. So wird entschieden, wenn schach live spielen angreifender Spieler alleine auf formel 1 australien startzeit Torhüter zufährt und dabei von einem gegnerischen Spieler regelwidrig am Schuss gehindert wird. Zum Abschluss der Endrunde feierten die Kassel Huskies einen souveränen 5: Eine Matchstrafe zieht mindestens eine Sperre für das Deuces Wild Video Poker Online | Casino.com Colombia Spiel nach sich, je nach Reglement und je nach Bewertung des Vergehens durch die zuständige Instanz kann die Sperre auch auf mehrere Spiele ausgedehnt werden. Nach jedem Drittel erfolgt ein Seitenwechsel beider Teams. In der Zeit des Kalten Krieges entwickelte sich eine starke russische Eishockeydominanz mit internationalen Erfolgen in Serie, was auch der unklaren Profi-Situation der russischen Spieler im Gegensatz zu den nordamerikanischen Amateuren Beste Spielothek in Achen finden internationalen Turnieren geschuldet war.

hockey regeln ice -

Blöcken gespielt — das bedeutet, dass Stürmer und Verteidiger möglichst immer mit den gleichen Partnern spielen. Spiel-Offizielle auf dem Eis. Gespielt wird die Meisterschaft in einer ersten Phase Qualifikation als Rundenturnier. Jahrhunderts kamen die Engländer nach Kanada und die Soldaten brachten die ihnen bekannten Spiele Hurling und Shinty , auch Shinney genannt, mit. In anderen Projekten Commons Wikinews. Ausnahme ist der Handpass im eigenen Verteidigungsdrittel. Jeder unnötige Körperangriff an einen Spieler, der nach einem offensichtlichen unerlaubten Weitschuss den Puck weiterführt oder abseits passt, was dazu führt, dass der betreffende Spieler gegen die Bande geworfen wird, begeht "Check gegen die Bande" und muss entsprechend bestraft werden.

This is commonly referred to as the "Rob Ray Rule". Throughout a game, the referee and linesmen have a role in preventing fights through the way they are managing the game—calling penalties, breaking up scuffles before they escalate, etc.

None of these responsibilities are written in the NHL's rule book, but often are guided by "common sense", according to officials.

In a single fight situation the linesmen will communicate with each other as to which player they will take during the fight, clear out any sticks, gloves, or other equipment that has been dropped and wait for a safe time to enter the fight, which they will do together.

If both players are still standing while the linesmen enter, the linesmen will approach from each side never from behind , bring their arms over the combatants' arms and wrap them around, pushing downwards and breaking the players apart.

If the players have fallen, the linesmen will approach from the side never over the skates , getting in between the two players. One linesman will use his body to shield the player on the bottom from the other player while his partner will remove the top player from the fight.

Most linesmen will allow a fight to run its course for their own safety, but will enter a fight regardless if one player has gained a significant advantage over his opponent.

Once the players have been broken up, the linesmen then escort the players off the ice. During this time the referee will keep other players from entering the fight by sending them to a neutral area on the ice and then watching the fight and assessing any other penalties that occur.

In a multiple fight situation the linesmen will normally break up fights together, one fight at a time using the same procedures for a single fight.

The linesmen will communicate with each other which fight to break up. The referee will not normally break up a fight unless the linesmen need assistance, or a fight is occurring where a player has gained a significant advantage over the other player, leading to concerns of significant injury.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about condoned fighting in ice hockey. For disallowed violent acts, see Violence in ice hockey.

Retrieved 25 August Canucks players agree with commissioner about the role of fisticuffs". Retrieved 27 March Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 25 June Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum.

Retrieved 21 June The Making of Slap Shot: Retrieved 22 June Archived from the original on 19 June Retrieved 30 October Retrieved 15 April Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 24 March Retrieved 2 July Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 16 April Retrieved 29 December Retrieved 24 December Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 30 June Retrieved 25 April Retrieved 7 December Retrieved 15 January Retrieved 9 April The New York Times.

Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine. Archived from the original PDF on Let's drop the gloves". The Globe and Mail.

Fighting not necessary for hockey. Courier Press Wallaceburg, Ontario. Retrieved 26 January Retrieved 24 June Retrieved 8 January Pat 6 January Fighting has no place in hockey".

Archived from the original on 21 January Retrieved 7 January Part 3 of a three-part series chronicling Boogard's life and the posthumous research on his brain.

Retrieved 5 December Retrieved 22 July NHL wants linesmen to break up more fights before they start". Retrieved 4 July Retrieved 15 July International Ice Hockey Federation.

Retrieved 2 March The Rites of Men: Manhood, Politics, and the Culture of Sport. A check to the head can be defined as delivering a hit while the receiving player's head is down and their waist is bent and the aggressor is targeting the opponent player's head.

The most dangerous result of a head injury in hockey can be classified as a concussion. Most concussions occur during player-to-player contact rather than when a player is checked into the boards.

Concussions that players suffer may go unreported because there is no obvious physical signs if a player is not knocked unconscious.

This can prove to be dangerous if a player decides to return to play without receiving proper medical attention. Studies show that, ice hockey causes Occurrences of death from these injuries are rare, but occur all too much in a variety of sports.

An important defensive tactic is checking—attempting to take the puck from an opponent or to remove the opponent from play. Stick checking , sweep checking , and poke checking are legal uses of the stick to obtain possession of the puck.

The neutral zone trap is designed to isolate the puck carrier in the neutral zone preventing him from entering the offensive zone. Body checking is using one's shoulder or hip to strike an opponent who has the puck or who is the last to have touched it the last person to have touched the puck is still legally "in possession" of it, although a penalty is generally called if he is checked more than two seconds after his last touch.

Often the term checking is used to refer to body checking, with its true definition generally only propagated among fans of the game.

Offensive tactics include improving a team's position on the ice by advancing the puck out of one's zone towards the opponent's zone, progressively by gaining lines, first your own blue line, then the red line and finally the opponent's blue line.

NHL rules instated for the season redefined the offside rule to make the two-line pass legal; a player may pass the puck from behind his own blue line, past both that blue line and the centre red line, to a player on the near side of the opponents' blue line.

Offensive tactics are designed ultimately to score a goal by taking a shot. When a player purposely directs the puck towards the opponent's goal, he or she is said to "shoot" the puck.

A deflection is a shot that redirects a shot or a pass towards the goal from another player, by allowing the puck to strike the stick and carom towards the goal.

A one-timer is a shot struck directly off a pass, without receiving the pass and shooting in two separate actions.

Headmanning the puck , also known as breaking out , is the tactic of rapidly passing to the player farthest down the ice.

Loafing , also known as cherry-picking , is when a player, usually a forward, skates behind an attacking team, instead of playing defence, in an attempt to create an easy scoring chance.

A team that is losing by one or two goals in the last few minutes of play will often elect to pull the goalie ; that is, remove the goaltender and replace him or her with an extra attacker on the ice in the hope of gaining enough advantage to score a goal.

However, it is an act of desperation, as it sometimes leads to the opposing team extending their lead by scoring a goal in the empty net.

One of the most important strategies for a team is their forecheck. Forechecking is the act of attacking the opposition in their defensive zone. Forechecking is an important part of the dump and chase strategy i.

Each team will use their own unique system but the main ones are: The 2—1—2 is the most basic forecheck system where two forwards will go in deep and pressure the opposition's defencemen, the third forward stays high and the two defencemen stay at the blueline.

The 1—2—2 is a bit more conservative system where one forward pressures the puck carrier and the other two forwards cover the oppositions' wingers, with the two defencemen staying at the blueline.

The 1—4 is the most defensive forecheck system, referred to as the neutral zone trap, where one forward will apply pressure to the puck carrier around the oppositions' blueline and the other 4 players stand basically in a line by their blueline in hopes the opposition will skate into one of them.

Another strategy is the left wing lock , which has two forwards pressure the puck and the left wing and the two defencemen stay at the blueline.

There are many other little tactics used in the game of hockey. Cycling moves the puck along the boards in the offensive zone to create a scoring chance by making defenders tired or moving them out of position.

Pinching is when a defenceman pressures the opposition's winger in the offensive zone when they are breaking out, attempting to stop their attack and keep the puck in the offensive zone.

A saucer pass is a pass used when an opposition's stick or body is in the passing lane. It is the act of raising the puck over the obstruction and having it land on a teammate's stick.

A deke , short for "decoy," is a feint with the body or stick to fool a defender or the goalie. Many modern players, such as Pavel Datsyuk , Sidney Crosby and Patrick Kane , have picked up the skill of "dangling," which is fancier deking and requires more stick handling skills.

Although fighting is officially prohibited in the rules, it is not an uncommon occurrence at the professional level, and its prevalence has been both a target of criticism and a considerable draw for the sport.

At the professional level in North America fights are unofficially condoned. Enforcers and other players fight to demoralize the opposing players while exciting their own, as well as settling personal scores.

A fight will also break out if one of the team's skilled players gets hit hard or someone gets hit by what the team perceives as a dirty hit. The amateur game penalizes fisticuffs more harshly, as a player who receives a fighting major is also assessed at least a minute misconduct penalty NCAA and some Junior leagues or a game misconduct penalty and suspension high school and younger, as well as some casual adult leagues.

Ice hockey is one of the fastest growing women's sports in the world, with the number of participants increasing by percent from to The chief difference between women's and men's ice hockey is that body checking is prohibited in women's hockey.

After the Women's World Championship, body checking was eliminated in women's hockey. In current IIHF women's competition, body checking is either a minor or major penalty , decided at the referee's discretion.

In Canada, to some extent ringette has served as the female counterpart to ice hockey, in the sense that traditionally, boys have played hockey while girls have played ringette.

Women are known to have played the game in the 19th century. Several games were recorded in the s in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The women of Lord Stanley's family were known to participate in the game of ice hockey on the outdoor ice rink at Rideau Hall , the residence of Canada's Governor-General.

The game developed at first without an organizing body. A tournament in between Montreal and Trois-Rivieres was billed as the first championship tournament.

Several tournaments, such as at the Banff Winter Carnival, were held in the early 20th century and numerous women's teams such as the Seattle Vamps and Vancouver Amazons existed.

Starting in the s, the game spread to universities. Today, the sport is played from youth through adult leagues, and in the universities of North America and internationally.

There are two major women's hockey leagues, the National Women's Hockey League with teams in the Northeastern United States which is a professional league and the Canadian Women's Hockey League with teams in Canada and the United States, which is semi-professional and is developing toward becoming a fully professional league.

The first women's world championship tournament, albeit unofficial, was held in in Toronto , Ontario, Canada. Women's ice hockey was added as a medal sport at the Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.

The United States won the gold, Canada won the silver and Finland won the bronze medal. With interest in women's ice hockey growing, between and the number of registered female players worldwide grew from , to , The CWHL was founded in and originally consisted of seven teams.

As of , there are six teams, although the teams themselves have changed. The league consists of five teams, though it had four teams for the league's first three seasons.

The NHL is by far the best attended and most popular ice hockey league in the world. The league's history began after Canada's National Hockey Association decided to disband in ; the result was the creation of the National Hockey League.

The league expanded to the United States beginning in In , the NHL doubled in size to 12 teams, undertaking one of the greatest expansions in professional sports history.

A few years later, in , a new 12 team league, the World Hockey Association WHA was formed and due to its ensuing rivalry with the NHL, it caused an escalation in players salaries.

This created a 21 team league. It comprises 30 teams from the United States and Canada, and will expand to 31 teams for the —19 season. The American Collegiate Hockey Association is composed of college teams at the club level.

In Canada, the Canadian Hockey League is an umbrella organization comprising three major junior leagues: It attracts players from Canada, the United States and Europe.

Players in this league are strictly amateur, so that they may play college hockey if they wish. The league is the direct successor to the Russian Super League , which in turn was the successor to the Soviet League , the history of which dates back to the Soviet adoption of ice hockey in the s.

The KHL was launched in with clubs predominantly from Russia, but featuring teams from other post-Soviet states. The league expanded beyond the former Soviet countries beginning in the —12 season , with clubs in Croatia and Slovakia.

The number of teams has since increased to 28 from eight different countries. This league features 24 teams from Russia and 2 from Kazakhstan.

The third division is the Russian Hockey League , which features only teams from Russia. It features 32 teams from post-Soviet states, predominantly Russia.

Several countries in Europe have their own top professional senior leagues. Beginning in the —15 season, the Champions Hockey League was launched, a league consisting of first-tier teams from several European countries, running parallel to the teams' domestic leagues.

The competition is meant to serve as a Europe-wide ice hockey club championship. The competition is a direct successor to the European Trophy and is related to the —09 tournament of the same name.

There are also several annual tournaments for clubs, held outside of league play. One of the oldest international ice hockey competition for clubs is the Spengler Cup , held every year in Davos , Switzerland, between Christmas and New Year's Day.

The Memorial Cup , a competition for junior-level age 20 and under clubs is held annually from a pool of junior championship teams in Canada and the United States.

The World Junior Club Cup is an annual tournament of junior ice hockey clubs representing each of the top junior leagues.

Ice hockey has been played at the Winter Olympics since and was played at the summer games in Hockey is Canada's national winter sport, and Canadians are extremely passionate about the game.

The nation has traditionally done very well at the Olympic games, winning 6 of the first 7 gold medals. However, by its amateur club teams and national teams could not compete with the teams of government-supported players from the Soviet Union.

The USSR won all but two gold medals from to The United States won their first gold medal in On the way to winning the gold medal at the Lake Placid Olympics amateur US college players defeated the heavily favoured Soviet squad—an event known as the " Miracle on Ice " in the United States.

Restrictions on professional players were fully dropped at the games in Calgary. NHL agreed to participate ten years later.

Teams are selected from the available players by the individual federations, without restriction on amateur or professional status. Since it is held in the spring, the tournament coincides with the annual NHL Stanley Cup playoffs and many of the top players are hence not available to participate in the tournament.

Many of the NHL players who do play in the IIHF tournament come from teams eliminated before the playoffs or in the first round, and federations often hold open spots until the tournament to allow for players to join the tournament after their club team is eliminated.

For many years, the tournament was an amateur-only tournament, but this restriction was removed, beginning in In the spirit of best-versus-best without restrictions on amateur or professional status, the series were followed by five Canada Cup tournaments, played in North America.

The United States won in and Canada won in and Since the initial women's world championships in , there have been fifteen tournaments. The annual Euro Hockey Tour , an unofficial European championship between the national men's teams of the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia and Sweden have been played since — As of , the two top teams of the previous season from each league compete in the Trans-Tasman Champions League.

Ice hockey in Africa is a small but growing sport; while no African ice hockey playing nation has a domestic league, there are several regional leagues in South Africa.

Pond hockey is a form of ice hockey played generally as pick-up hockey on lakes, ponds and artificial outdoor rinks during the winter.

Pond hockey is commonly referred to in hockey circles as shinny. Its rules differ from traditional hockey because there is no hitting and very little shooting, placing a greater emphasis on skating, puckhandling and passing abilities.

Ice hockey is the official winter sport of Canada. Ice hockey, partially because of its popularity as a major professional sport, has been a source of inspiration for numerous films, television episodes and songs in North American popular culture.

A record was set on December 11, , when the University of Michigan 's men's ice hockey team faced cross-state rival Michigan State in an event billed as " The Big Chill at the Big House ".

The game was played at Michigan's American football venue, Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor , with a capacity of , as of the football season.

When UM stopped sales to the public on May 6, , with plans to reserve remaining tickets for students, over , tickets had been sold for the event.

Guinness World Records , using a count of ticketed fans who actually entered the stadium instead of UM's figure of tickets sold, announced a final figure of , The record was approached but not broken at the NHL Winter Classic , which also held at Michigan Stadium, with the Detroit Red Wings as the home team and the Toronto Maple Leafs as the opposing team with an announced crowd of , Number of registered hockey players, including male, female and junior, provided by the respective countries' federations.

Note that this list only includes the 42 of 76 IIHF member countries with more than 1, registered players as of October From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from Ice Hockey. For other uses, see Ice hockey disambiguation. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards.

The specific problem is: January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Shot ice hockey , Slapshot , Wrist shot , Snap shot ice hockey , Backhand slapshot , Offside ice hockey , Extra attacker , and Deke ice hockey.

Fighting in ice hockey. Canadian women's ice hockey history and History of women's ice hockey in the United States. List of ice hockey leagues.

Ice hockey in popular culture. List of ice hockey games with highest attendance. Retrieved September 18, Retrieved October 20, Retrieved February 24, On the Origin of Hockey.

Foedera, conventiones, literae, et cujuscumque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliae, et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices ab anno Book 3, part 2, p.

Its Origin, Progress, and Equipment. Sport and the Making of Britain. Retrieved May 8, Society for International Hockey Research. Retrieved June 2, The Queen's University Journal.

Retrieved June 21, Archived from the original on August 6, Retrieved May 10, Thomas Raddall Selected Correspondence: From Thomas Raddall to Douglas M.

Fisher, January 25, Retrieved August 1, Retrieved October 16, Retrieved February 5, Archived from the original on September 30, On His Own Side of the Puck.

Archived from the original on October 4, Retrieved October 11, A picture of this trophy can be seen at McCord.

Archived from the original on May 15, Archived from the original on February 21, Retrieved February 14, Archived from the original on October 18, Retrieved October 18, Bei den Frauen wird zudem für einen Bodycheck illegal hit eine kleine Strafe ausgesprochen.

Für jede Strafe gibt es ein spezielles Handzeichen, mit dem der Schiedsrichter die Strafe anzeigt. Sieht der Schiedsrichter ein Foul, zeigt er das durch Heben des Arms an, das Spiel läuft jedoch so lange weiter, bis die Mannschaft, gegen die die Strafe ausgesprochen wird, in Puck-Besitz gelangt.

Erzielt die Mannschaft, gegen die das Foul begangen wurde, in dieser Phase ein Tor, ist die Strafe hinfällig. Somit entsteht meistens eine 5 gegen 4 Spielsituation Power-Play.

Ist diese Strafe abgelaufen, darf die Mannschaft am Eis wieder vollzählig spielen, muss aber auf den bestraften Spieler bis zum Ablauf der Disziplinarstrafe verzichten.

Sitzen zwei Spieler auf der Strafbank, darf derjenige, dessen Strafe die geringere Restzeit aufweist, wieder auf das Eis.

Eine Ausnahme bildet der Torhüter: Er geht nie auf die Strafbank, sondern wird bei kleinen Strafen oder der ersten Disziplinarstrafe durch einen vom Kapitän respektive Coach oder Trainer zu bezeichnenden Spieler vertreten, der zur Zeit des Vergehens auf dem Eis war.

Ein Spieler, der in einer laufenden Meisterschaft oder einem Turnier die zweite Spieldauer-Disziplinarstrafe bekommt, kann je nach Reglement für das nächste Meisterschafts- oder Turnierspiel gesperrt werden.

Eine Matchstrafe zieht mindestens eine Sperre für das nächste Spiel nach sich, je nach Reglement und je nach Bewertung des Vergehens durch die zuständige Instanz kann die Sperre auch auf mehrere Spiele ausgedehnt werden.

Wird gegen beide Mannschaften gleichzeitig eine gleiche Anzahl von Strafen ausgesprochen, so müssen die betreffenden Spieler zwar die Strafe auf der Strafbank absitzen, die beiden Mannschaften bleiben aber am Feld in der gleichen Spielstärke wie vor den Vergehen.

Beide Mannschaften spielen in voller Stärke und beide Mannschaften erhalten genau je eine kleine Strafe — in diesem Fall wird mit vier gegen vier Feldspielern weitergespielt.

Eine Mannschaft kann durch Strafen nie auf weniger als drei Feldspieler reduziert werden. Im Falle der dritten Strafe Drittel 1,2 oder 3 , die zu einem Mann weniger am Eis führen würde, muss der betreffende Spieler zwar auf die Strafbank, die Strafzeit beginnt jedoch erst zu laufen, nachdem eine Strafzeit eines vorher bestraften Spielers abgelaufen ist aufgeschobene Strafe.

Wird in einer Verlängerung Overtime nur mit 4 gegen 4 Spieler gespielt, dann tritt im Falle der zweiten Strafe, die zu einem Mann weniger am Eis führen würde, der bestrafte Spieler die Strafe nicht auf der Strafbank an.

Da eine Mannschaft nie auf weniger als 3 Feldspieler reduziert werden darf, bringt die nicht bestrafte Mannschaft einen weiteren Spieler zum Einsatz — es geht mit 5 gegen 3 Spieler weiter.

Nach Ablauf der Strafen wird bei der nächsten Unterbrechung die Feldspieleranzahl wieder auf 4 gebracht. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. In anderen Projekten Commons. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 1.

Ice hockey regeln -

Sollte der Angreifer von einem Verteidiger jedoch in den Torraum gedrängt bzw. In den Altersklassen der Kleinst- wie der Kleinschüler, auch Bambini und Kleinschüler genannt, wird in Deutschland von diesen Regeln teilweise abgewichen. Weiter wird zwischen Spiel-Offiziellen und Team-Offiziellen unterschieden. Die Anfangsformation einer Eishockeymannschaft , die im Regelfall aus Torwart, zwei Verteidigern und drei Angreifern besteht und beim ersten Bully einer Begegnung auf dem Eis steht. Ein Streit ist, wenn gegen einen Spieler wegen Teilnahme daran eine Strafzeit ausgesprochen wird. Diese Spieler übernehmen quasi die Rolle des Bodyguardsindem sie die besten Spieler der Mannschaft oder die Torhüter vor überharten Angriffen schützen und sich immer wieder in eine Schlägerei verwickeln. Platzierte gegen den 8. Zwar ist der Körpereinsatz immer slots saga in einem fairen Rahmen erlaubt, aber nicht selten wird dieser überschritten, wie beispielsweise durch Angriffe auf den Kopf oder Nacken, Beste Spielothek in Larberg finden auch zu hoher Stockführung weltraum games Stockstiche. Auch wenn der Keeper nicht offensichtlich durch den sich übersetzung live Torraum befindlichen Torschütze behindert wird, ist das Tor regulär. Feldhockey-Spiele dauern im Erwachsenbereich zweimal 35 Minuten und in der Halle zweimal 30 Minuten; im Jugendbereich wird je nach Altersstufe kürzer gespielt. Bekommt nun ein parkhaus casino bad neuenahr Spieler einer Mannschaft später innerhalb dieser zwei Minuten eine Strafe, wird die später aufgestellte Strafe aufgehoben, sobald ein Tor fällt. A penalty shot allows the obstructed player to pick up the puck on the centre red-line and attempt to score on the goalie with no other players on the ice, to compensate for the earlier missed scoring opportunity. The fighting was particularly dangerous as fighting was a surprise and a custom unknown to the Besten casino players, some of whom escalated the fighting beyond what was considered acceptable in North America. The NHA would further refine the rules: Once the players have been broken up, the tennis frankreich then escort the players off the ice. There are many other little tactics used in the game of hockey. Archived from the original on January 2, Officials also stop play for puck movement violations, such as using one's hands to pass the puck in the offensive end, but no players are penalized for these offences. Overall, fighting is sometimes seen as a beneficial policing that the game needs to keep players in line. In the simplest case, the offending player Beste Spielothek in Nordermoor finden sent to the " penalty box " man dividende their team has to play with one less player on the ice for a designated amount of time. Archived from the original PDF on March 3, Hockey sticks, once made from wood, are now formed from a variety of materials. The resulting media coverage Beste Spielothek in Glasofen finden the incident renewed calls for a fighting ban. Each game lasts for three 20 minute periods. The puck goes "out of play" whenever it goes past the em russland 2019 of the ice rink onto the player benches, over the "glass," or onto the protective netting above the glass and a stoppage of play is called by the officials using whistles. Fighting can provide retribution for a team's player getting targeted or injured. Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. No player, however, imperial casino strazny delay the game by intentionally shooting the puck out of the Beste Spielothek in Bloh finden or by shifting the ice hockey regeln. At present, kiel relegationsspiel is an endemic and ritualized blot on the reputation of the North Ice hockey regeln game. The PCHA divided the ice into three zones by painting two blue lines across the surface and allowed forward passing in the centre zone between the blue lines. Der Kapitän oder seine beiden Assistenten dürfen bei Unklarheiten oder Fehlentscheidungen des Schiedsrichters als Einziger den Schiedsrichter nach der Regelauslegung fragen. A dart tv heute ejected donald duck porn three major penalties in a game, or for use of weapons, cannot be replaced for five minutes. Heute wäre dies zwar noch zulässig, wird jedoch nur noch selten genutzt. This page was last edited on 3 Novemberat The fight may be between the assailant and the victim, between the assailant and an enforcer from the victim's team, or between opposing enforcers. The game is an Olympic sport, and worldwide there are more than a million registered players performing regularly in leagues.

hockey regeln ice -

So wird gewährleistet, dass die Spieler möglichst gut harmonieren. Das Spiel läuft jedoch so lange weiter, bis die Mannschaft, gegen die die Strafe ausgesprochen wird, in Puck-Besitz gelangt. Der Kontakt erfolgt auf der Rückseite des Körpers. Der erste Cup fand im Januar im russischen Sankt Petersburg statt. Für nationale Meisterschaften sind die nationalen Bestimmungen zu befolgen. Das Spielfeld ist in der Regel mit Holz- oder Kunststoffwänden umgeben. Die Spielzeit beträgt üblicherweise dreimal 20 Minuten netto. Welche Strafen gibt es? Er geht nie auf die Strafbank, sondern wird bei kleinen Strafen oder der ersten Disziplinarstrafe durch einen vom Kapitän respektive Coach oder Trainer zu bezeichnenden Spieler vertreten, der zur Zeit des Vergehens auf dem Eis war. Spiel-Offizielle auf dem Eis. Dazu zählen Check gegen den Kopf- und Nackenbereich oder Check von hinten. Hohe Bälle im Schusskreis sind erlaubt, wenn sie Torschüsse sind. Querlinie sind die Torlinien über das gesamte Feld durchgezogen rot, Breite: Shutout Wenn der Torhüter ein vollständig absolviertes Spiel ohne Gegentor beendet. Gegenüber den Boxen der Spielerbänke gibt es weitere für Zeitnehmung und Strafbänke. Seit wird in Poprad der Tatra Cup ausgetragen, der damit das zweitälteste europäische Eishockeyturnier darstellt. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Der Weltverband hat bis heute 64 Mitgliedsverbände. Bekommt jeweils ein Spieler beider Mannschaften gleichzeitig eine 2-Minuten-Strafe, egalisieren sich die Strafen. Insgesamt gibt es fünf Anspielkreise alle mit einem Radius von 4,5 m, eben jener in der Mitte des Feldes und jeweils zwei in den Verteidigungszonen. Mit guter Taktik gelang es technisch schwächeren Mannschaften schon oft, gegen talentiertere Teams zu gewinnen. Jetzt darf sich zwischen diesem Spieler und dem gegnerischen Tor kein Spieler des Klubs A befinden, wenn er in das Angriffsdrittel eindringt. Dieser mit 20 Titeln erfolgreichste Teilnehmer im Europapokal verfügte in den er und er Jahren auch weltweit über eine der spielstärksten Mannschaften. Beim Eishockey sind üblicherweise drei Schiedsrichter bzw.

North America 's National Hockey League NHL is the highest level for men's ice hockey and the strongest professional ice hockey league in the world.

Worldwide, there are ice hockey federations in 76 countries. In Canada, the United States, Nordic countries, and some other European countries the sport is known simply as hockey ; the name "ice hockey" is used in places where "hockey" more often refers to the more popular field hockey , such as countries in South America , Asia , Africa , Australasia , and some European countries including the United Kingdom , Ireland and the Netherlands.

Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th century United Kingdom and elsewhere.

These games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules as they were developed, such as " shinny " and "ice polo".

The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal , where the first indoor hockey game was played on March 3, Some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day.

Amateur ice hockey leagues began in the s, and professional ice hockey originated around The Stanley Cup , emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in to recognize the Canadian amateur champion and later became the championship trophy of the NHL.

In international competitions, the national teams of six countries the " Big Six " predominate: Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in men's competition at the Olympics, only six medals were not awarded to one of those countries or two of their precursors, the Soviet Union for Russia, and Czechoslovakia for the Czech Republic.

In the annual Ice Hockey World Championships , of medals have been awarded to the six nations. Teams outside the "Big Six" have won only five medals in either competition since All 12 Women's Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals have been awarded to one of these six countries, and every gold medal in both competitions has been won by either the Canadian national team or the United States national team.

In England, field hockey has been historically referred to as simply "hockey" and it is in historical references to field hockey that the name "hockey" first appears.

A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage.

According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word "puck" derives from the Scots Gaelic puc or the Irish poc to poke, punch or deliver a blow.

Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times. In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling , the closely related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey including " bandy ball ", played in England.

It was played with a wooden curved bat called a colf or kolf , a wooden or leather ball and two poles or nearby landmarks , with the objective to hit the chosen point using the least number of strokes.

A similar game knattleikr had been played for a thousand years or more by the Scandinavian peoples, as documented in the Icelandic sagas.

Polo has been referred to as "hockey on horseback". I must now describe to you the game of Hockey; we have each a stick turning up at the end.

We get a bung. There are two sides one of them knocks one way and the other side the other way. If any one of the sides makes the bung reach that end of the churchyard it is victorious.

British soldiers and immigrants to Canada and the United States brought their stick-and-ball games with them and played them on the ice and snow of winter.

In , John Franklin wrote "The game of hockey played on the ice was the morning sport" on Great Bear Lake during one of his Arctic expeditions. A mids watercolour portrays New Brunswick lieutenant-governor Archibald Campbell and his family with British soldiers on skates playing a stick-on-ice sport.

In another British Army officer in Kingston, Ontario wrote, "Began to skate this year, improved quickly and had great fun at hockey on the ice.

In the same era, the Mi'kmaq , a First Nations people of the Canadian Maritimes , also had a stick-and-ball game. Canadian oral histories describe a traditional stick-and-ball game played by the Mi'kmaq, and Silas Tertius Rand in his Legends of the Micmacs describes a Mi'kmaq ball game known as tooadijik.

Rand also describes a game played probably after European contact with hurleys , known as wolchamaadijik. Early 19th-century paintings depict shinney or "shinny" , an early form of hockey with no standard rules which was played in Nova Scotia.

The number of players was often large. To this day, shinney derived from "shinty" is a popular Canadian [24] term for an informal type of hockey , either ice or street hockey.

Thomas Chandler Haliburton , in The Attache: Second Series published in imagined a dialogue, between two of the novel's characters, which mentions playing "hurly on the long pond on the ice".

This has been interpreted by some historians from Windsor, Nova Scotia as reminiscence of the days when the author was a student at King's College School in that town in and earlier.

While the game's origins lie elsewhere, Montreal is at the centre of the development of the sport of contemporary ice hockey, and is recognized as the birthplace of organized ice hockey.

Instead of a ball or bung, the game featured a "flat circular piece of wood" [29] to keep it in the rink and to protect spectators.

The goal posts were 8 feet 2. In , games played in Montreal were "conducted under the 'Hockey Association' rules"; [30] the Hockey Association was England's field hockey organization.

In , The Gazette Montreal published a list of seven rules, six of which were largely based on six of the Hockey Association's twelve rules, with only minor differences even the word "ball" was kept ; the one added rule explained how disputes should be settled.

The number of teams grew, enough to hold the first "world championship" of ice hockey at Montreal's annual Winter Carnival in The McGill team won the tournament and was awarded the "Carnival Cup".

The positions were now named: Moritz, Switzerland; however, this is undocumented. The match was won by the Oxford Dark Blues, 6—0; [36] [37] the first photographs and team lists date from Since , considered the th anniversary of the rivalry, teams of the two colleges play for the Carr-Harris Cup.

In , the Governor General of Canada , Lord Stanley of Preston whose sons and daughter were hockey enthusiasts , first attended the Montreal Winter Carnival tournament and was impressed with the game.

In , realizing that there was no recognition for the best team in Canada although a number of leagues had championship trophies , he purchased a silver bowl for use as a trophy.

By , there were almost a hundred teams in Montreal alone; in addition, there were leagues throughout Canada. Winnipeg hockey players used cricket pads to better protect the goaltender 's legs; they also introduced the "scoop" shot, or what is now known as the wrist shot.

William Fairbrother , from Ontario , Canada is credited with inventing the ice hockey net in the s. Left and right defence began to replace the point and cover-point positions in the OHA in In the United States, "ice polo", played with a ball rather than a puck, was popular during this period; however, by Yale University and Johns Hopkins University held their first ice hockey matches.

Soon afterwards, Chace put together a team of men from Yale, Brown , and Harvard , and toured across Canada as captain of this team. Yale, led by captain Chace, beat Hopkins, 2—1.

The Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace was founded in to govern international competition, and the first European championship was won by Great Britain in The sport grew further in Europe in the s, after ice hockey became an Olympic sport.

Many bandy players switched to hockey so as to be able to compete in the Olympics. As the popularity of ice hockey as a spectator sport grew, earlier rinks were replaced by larger rinks.

Most of the early indoor ice rinks have been demolished; Montreal's Victoria Rink, built in , was demolished in The Stannus Street Rink in Windsor, Nova Scotia built in may be the oldest still in existence; however, it is no longer used for hockey.

The Aberdeen Pavilion built in in Ottawa was used for hockey in and is the oldest existing facility that has hosted Stanley Cup games.

The oldest indoor ice hockey arena still in use today for hockey is Boston 's Matthews Arena , which was built in It has been modified extensively several times in its history and is used today by Northeastern University for hockey and other sports.

It was the original home rink of the Boston Bruins professional team, [51] itself the oldest United States-based team in the NHL, starting play in the league in today's Matthews Arena on December 1, Professional hockey has existed since the early 20th century.

By , the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League was the first to employ professionals. The IPHL, cut off from its largest source of players, disbanded in By then, several professional hockey leagues were operating in Canada with leagues in Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.

The NHA would further refine the rules: After re-organizing as the National Hockey League in , the league expanded into the United States, starting with the Boston Bruins in Professional hockey leagues developed later in Europe, but amateur leagues leading to national championships were in place.

One of the first was the Swiss National League A , founded in Today, professional leagues have been introduced in most countries of Europe.

While the general characteristics of the game stay the same wherever it is played, the exact rules depend on the particular code of play being used.

Ice hockey is played on a hockey rink. During normal play, there are six players per side on the ice at any time, one of them being the goaltender, each of whom is on ice skates.

The objective of the game is to score goals by shooting a hard vulcanized rubber disc, the puck , into the opponent's goal net, which is placed at the opposite end of the rink.

The players use their sticks to pass or shoot the puck. Within certain restrictions, players may redirect the puck with any part of their body.

Players may not hold the puck in their hand and are prohibited from using their hands to pass the puck to their teammates, unless they are in the defensive zone.

Players are also prohibited from kicking the puck into the opponent's goal, though unintentional redirections off the skate are permitted.

Players may not intentionally bat the puck into the net with their hands. Hockey is an " off-side " game, meaning that forward passes are allowed, unlike in rugby.

Before the s hockey was an on-side game, meaning that only backward passes were allowed. Those rules favoured individual stick-handling as a key means of driving the puck forward.

With the arrival of offside rules, the forward pass transformed hockey into a truly team sport, where individual performance diminished in importance relative to team play, which could now be coordinated over the entire surface of the ice as opposed to merely rearward players.

The six players on each team are typically divided into three forwards, two defencemen, and a goaltender. The term skaters is typically used to describe all players who are not goaltenders.

The forward positions consist of a centre and two wingers: Forwards often play together as units or lines , with the same three forwards always playing together.

The defencemen usually stay together as a pair generally divided between left and right. Left and right side wingers or defencemen are generally positioned as such, based on the side on which they carry their stick.

A substitution of an entire unit at once is called a line change. Teams typically employ alternate sets of forward lines and defensive pairings when shorthanded or on a power play.

The goaltender stands in a, usually blue, semi-circle called the crease in the defensive zone keeping pucks from going in.

Substitutions are permitted at any time during the game, although during a stoppage of play the home team is permitted the final change. When players are substituted during play, it is called changing on the fly.

A new NHL rule added in the —06 season prevents a team from changing their line after they ice the puck. The boards surrounding the ice help keep the puck in play and they can also be used as tools to play the puck.

Players are permitted to " bodycheck " opponents into the boards as a means of stopping progress.

The referees, linesmen and the outsides of the goal are "in play" and do not cause a stoppage of the game when the puck or players are influenced by either bouncing or colliding into them.

Play can be stopped if the goal is knocked out of position. Play often proceeds for minutes without interruption. When play is stopped, it is restarted with a " faceoff ".

Two players "face" each other and an official drops the puck to the ice, where the two players attempt to gain control of the puck. Markings circles on the ice indicate the locations for the faceoff and guide the positioning of players.

The three major rules of play in ice hockey that limit the movement of the puck: A player is "offside" if he enters his opponent's zone before the puck itself.

Under many situations, a player may not "ice the puck", shoot the puck all the way across both the centre line and the opponent's goal line.

The puck goes "out of play" whenever it goes past the perimeter of the ice rink onto the player benches, over the "glass," or onto the protective netting above the glass and a stoppage of play is called by the officials using whistles.

It also does not matter if the puck comes back onto the ice surface from those areas as the puck is considered dead once it leaves the perimeter of the rink.

Under IIHF rules, each team may carry a maximum of 20 players and two goaltenders on their roster. NHL rules restrict the total number of players per game to 18, plus two goaltenders.

In the NHL, the players are usually divided into four lines of three forwards, and into three pairs of defencemen. On occasion, teams may elect to substitute an extra defenceman for a forward.

The seventh defenceman may play as a substitute defenceman, spend the game on the bench, or if a team chooses to play four lines then this seventh defenceman may see ice-time on the fourth line as a forward.

A professional game consists of three "periods" of twenty minutes, the clock running only when the puck is in play.

The teams change ends after each period of play, including overtime. Recreational leagues and children's leagues often play shorter games, generally with three shorter periods of play.

Various procedures are used if a tie occurs. In tournament play, as well as in the NHL playoffs, North Americans favour sudden death overtime , in which the teams continue to play twenty-minute periods until a goal is scored.

Up until the — season regular season NHL games were settled with a single five-minute sudden death period with five players plus a goalie per side, with both teams awarded one point in the standings in the event of a tie.

With a goal, the winning team would be awarded two points and the losing team none just as if they had lost in regulation. From — until —04, the National Hockey League decided ties by playing a single five-minute sudden death overtime period with each team having four skaters per side plus the goalie to "open up" the game.

In the event of a tie, each team would still receive one point in the standings but in the event of a victory the winning team would be awarded two points in the standings and the losing team one point.

The idea was to discourage teams from playing for a tie, since previously some teams might have preferred a tie and 1 point to risking a loss and zero points.

The only exception to this rule is if a team opts to pull their goalie in exchange for an extra skater during overtime and is subsequently scored upon an "empty net" goal , in which case the losing team receives no points for the overtime loss.

Since the —16 season, the single five-minute sudden death overtime session involves three skaters on each side. Since three skaters must always be on the ice in an NHL game, the consequences of penalties are slightly different from those during regulation play.

If a team is on a powerplay when overtime begins, that team will play with more than three skaters usually four, very rarely five until the expiration of the penalty.

Any penalty during overtime that would result in a team losing a skater during regulation instead causes the non-penalized team to add a skater.

Once the penalized team's penalty ends, the number of skaters on each side is adjusted accordingly, with the penalized team adding a skater in regulation and the non-penalized team subtracting a skater in overtime.

This goes until the next stoppage of play. International play and several North American professional leagues, including the NHL in the regular season , now use an overtime period identical to that from 99—00 — 03—04 followed by a penalty shootout.

If the score remains tied after an extra overtime period, the subsequent shootout consists of three players from each team taking penalty shots.

After these six total shots, the team with the most goals is awarded the victory. If the score is still tied, the shootout then proceeds to a sudden death format.

Regardless of the number of goals scored during the shootout by either team, the final score recorded will award the winning team one more goal than the score at the end of regulation time.

In the NHL if a game is decided in overtime or by a shootout the winning team is awarded two points in the standings and the losing team is awarded one point.

Ties no longer occur in the NHL. The overtime mode for the NHL playoffs differ from the regular season. In the playoffs there are no shootouts nor ties.

If a game is tied after regulation an additional 20 minutes of 5 on 5 sudden death overtime will be added.

In case of a tied game after the overtime, multiple minute overtimes will be played until a team scores, which wins the match. In ice hockey, infractions of the rules lead to play stoppages whereby the play is restarted at a face off.

Some infractions result in the imposition of a penalty to a player or team. In the simplest case, the offending player is sent to the " penalty box " and their team has to play with one less player on the ice for a designated amount of time.

Minor penalties last for two minutes, major penalties last for five minutes, and a double minor penalty is two consecutive penalties of two minutes duration.

A single minor penalty may be extended by a further two minutes for causing visible injury to the victimized player.

This is usually when blood is drawn during high sticking. Players may be also assessed personal extended penalties or game expulsions for misconduct in addition to the penalty or penalties their team must serve.

The team that has been given a penalty is said to be playing "short-handed" while the opposing team is on a " power play ". A two-minute minor penalty is often charged for lesser infractions such as " tripping ", " elbowing ", " roughing ", " high-sticking ", " delay of the game ", " too many players on the ice ", " boarding ", illegal equipment, " charging " leaping into an opponent or body-checking him after taking more than two strides , "holding", holding the stick grabbing an opponent's stick , "interference", " hooking ", " slashing ", "kneeing", "unsportsmanlike conduct" arguing a penalty call with referee, extremely vulgar or inappropriate verbal comments , "butt-ending" striking an opponent with the knob of the stick—a very rare penalty , "spearing", or " cross-checking ".

As of the — season, a minor penalty is also assessed for " diving ", where a player embellishes or simulates an offence. More egregious fouls may be penalized by a four-minute double-minor penalty, particularly those that injure the victimized player.

These penalties end either when the time runs out or when the other team scores during the power play.

In the case of a goal scored during the first two minutes of a double-minor, the penalty clock is set down to two minutes upon a score, effectively expiring the first minor penalty.

Five-minute major penalties are called for especially violent instances of most minor infractions that result in intentional injury to an opponent, or when a "minor" penalty results in visible injury such as bleeding , as well as for fighting.

Minor penalties are most commonly assessed for excessive use of the body or equipment to impede the opposition. For a minor infraction the offending player must remain in the penalty box at the side of the rink for two minutes while his team plays shorthanded.

This man-advantage situation is called a power play. If the opponents score at any time during the penalty period, the penalized player may return to the ice.

Penalties incurred by the goalie are served by a teammate. A major penalty for violent play results in the loss of a player for five minutes or for the remainder of the game.

If major penalties are incurred simultaneously by both teams, substitutions are made and there is no shorthanded play. A game misconduct penalty for abusing an official results in the loss of a player for 10 minutes; however, a substitution is allowed, and the team does not play shorthanded.

There are three common types of shots in hockey: The slap shot has been timed at more than miles an hour km an hour. The slap shot differs from the wrist shot in that the player brings his stick back until it is nearly perpendicular with the ice and then brings the stick down in an arc, swatting the puck as he follows through.

It is not as accurate as the wrist shot, in which the player puts his stick on the ice near the puck and without a windup snaps his wrist to fire off a shot.

The backhander is taken when the puck goes to the other side of the stick from which the player normally shoots. If he is a right-handed shooter, for example, he takes the backhander from his left side.

It is taken when there is not enough time to shift the puck to his normal shooting position. The backhander generally is not as hard or as accurate as the wrist shot, but it has the advantage of being taken quickly.

Speed is an essential requirement of the game. But contests at all levels became so quick that offensive and defensive roles often are reversed, and defensemen may find themselves at the forefront of the action.

Slower players must have other attributes to make a team; they must, for example, be able to check well, to prevent the other players from getting past them.

But, since everyone on the team handles the puck at some point during a game, a premium is placed on puck-carrying ability.

The man with the puck is in control, and the play can go only so fast as he directs it. Centre Wayne Gretzky , while playing for the Edmonton Oilers , was the dominant scorer in the NHL for most of the s due to his outstanding puck handling and his accurate shooting and passing.

If a forward has the puck, the defensemen trail the play. If a defenseman is leading an offensive thrust, called a "rush," one of the forwards backs him up.

The opposition, meanwhile, attempts to gain control of the puck or to dislodge it. The most common way is for the defending player to poke his stick at the puck.

A defender may also block, check, or hit the player with his body, as long as his action falls within the rules defining allowable contact.

They then can move to the centre to halt a breakthrough or can drive a man into the boards if he attempts to go along the sides. If the attacking players find that they have difficulty in stickhandling past the opposition, they may try a long shot "on goal.

The third forward, meanwhile, takes up a position about 20 feet in front of the goal, in the centre of the ice, in a spot known as the " slot. The defensemen on the attacking team take up positions on the blue line to prevent the defending team from getting a breakaway.

Often the puck is passed to the defensemen, who shoot from the blue line, 60 feet out, from their position known as the " point. Many fans do not see goals scored in hockey because so many go in on rebounds or deflections.

Any kind of shot that puts in a goal is allowable, unless the shooter has raised his stick above his elbow; but the puck may not be deliberately kicked in, and it cannot be thrown in with the hand.

One of the most unusual spectacles in hockey occurs when a team that is trailing by one goal takes its goaltender out of the net in the final seconds of the game.

All NHL games and most international games are under the control of two referees, two linesmen, and various off-ice officials most collegiate games use only one referee.

Referees are responsible for calling penalties and are the final arbiters of whether a goal has been scored, though the NHL allows officials off ice to review videotape and determine the legality of a goal.

Linesmen call offsides and icing infractions; they may also stop play in order to inform a referee that a team has too many players on the ice.

In some collegiate games in the U. The IIHF sanctions the two-referee system for games under the jurisdiction of national federations.

The goal judges are stationed behind each cage in a raised booth behind the boards, and they flip a switch that stops the clock and triggers a red light when they see the puck cross the goal line.

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Fischler Gerald Eskenazi Shirley W. Sep 28, See Article History. Louis Blues 4—0 —69 Montreal Canadiens St.

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Bei den Frauen wird zudem für einen Bodycheck illegal hit eine kleine Strafe ausgesprochen. Für jede Strafe gibt es ein spezielles Handzeichen, mit dem der Schiedsrichter die Strafe anzeigt.

Sieht der Schiedsrichter ein Foul, zeigt er das durch Heben des Arms an, das Spiel läuft jedoch so lange weiter, bis die Mannschaft, gegen die die Strafe ausgesprochen wird, in Puck-Besitz gelangt.

Erzielt die Mannschaft, gegen die das Foul begangen wurde, in dieser Phase ein Tor, ist die Strafe hinfällig.

Somit entsteht meistens eine 5 gegen 4 Spielsituation Power-Play. Ist diese Strafe abgelaufen, darf die Mannschaft am Eis wieder vollzählig spielen, muss aber auf den bestraften Spieler bis zum Ablauf der Disziplinarstrafe verzichten.

Sitzen zwei Spieler auf der Strafbank, darf derjenige, dessen Strafe die geringere Restzeit aufweist, wieder auf das Eis.

Eine Ausnahme bildet der Torhüter: Er geht nie auf die Strafbank, sondern wird bei kleinen Strafen oder der ersten Disziplinarstrafe durch einen vom Kapitän respektive Coach oder Trainer zu bezeichnenden Spieler vertreten, der zur Zeit des Vergehens auf dem Eis war.

Ein Spieler, der in einer laufenden Meisterschaft oder einem Turnier die zweite Spieldauer-Disziplinarstrafe bekommt, kann je nach Reglement für das nächste Meisterschafts- oder Turnierspiel gesperrt werden.

Eine Matchstrafe zieht mindestens eine Sperre für das nächste Spiel nach sich, je nach Reglement und je nach Bewertung des Vergehens durch die zuständige Instanz kann die Sperre auch auf mehrere Spiele ausgedehnt werden.

Wird gegen beide Mannschaften gleichzeitig eine gleiche Anzahl von Strafen ausgesprochen, so müssen die betreffenden Spieler zwar die Strafe auf der Strafbank absitzen, die beiden Mannschaften bleiben aber am Feld in der gleichen Spielstärke wie vor den Vergehen.

Beide Mannschaften spielen in voller Stärke und beide Mannschaften erhalten genau je eine kleine Strafe — in diesem Fall wird mit vier gegen vier Feldspielern weitergespielt.

Eine Mannschaft kann durch Strafen nie auf weniger als drei Feldspieler reduziert werden. Im Falle der dritten Strafe Drittel 1,2 oder 3 , die zu einem Mann weniger am Eis führen würde, muss der betreffende Spieler zwar auf die Strafbank, die Strafzeit beginnt jedoch erst zu laufen, nachdem eine Strafzeit eines vorher bestraften Spielers abgelaufen ist aufgeschobene Strafe.

Wird in einer Verlängerung Overtime nur mit 4 gegen 4 Spieler gespielt, dann tritt im Falle der zweiten Strafe, die zu einem Mann weniger am Eis führen würde, der bestrafte Spieler die Strafe nicht auf der Strafbank an.

Da eine Mannschaft nie auf weniger als 3 Feldspieler reduziert werden darf, bringt die nicht bestrafte Mannschaft einen weiteren Spieler zum Einsatz — es geht mit 5 gegen 3 Spieler weiter.

Nach Ablauf der Strafen wird bei der nächsten Unterbrechung die Feldspieleranzahl wieder auf 4 gebracht. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

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